• October 12, 2022
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Overweight problem in children

Today, tens of millions of people worldwide are obese. Of these, 19% are children. In 80% of them, obesity will persist with age and https://pillintrip.com/medicine/feroglobin-capsules.

The picture is frightening, we are gradually losing the culture of proper nutrition, preferring the convenience of convenience foods and “fast food” to quality homemade food. We spend more and more time in front of the TV and computer, instead of walking and playing sports. Children adopt these habits, which, of course, is reflected in health, the number of overweight children is steadily increasing.

And this is not only an aesthetic, but also a serious medical problem, because obesity, like all diseases, has its consequences. Most importantly, obesity in children portends heart disease later in life. Those complications of excess weight that were previously characteristic of adults are now developing in children: arterial hypertension, cholelithiasis (GSD), various types of carbohydrate metabolism disorders, including type 2 diabetes mellitus, osteoarthritis, high cholesterol.

For the child himself, psychological problems come first – peer ridicule over his appearance, offensive nicknames.

It is important to understand that childhood obesity is not a congenital pathology. The concept of “congenital obesity” does not exist, therefore, excess weight is acquired, and therefore can be prevented.

Where to start if the child looks clearly fatter than his peers? The most reasonable thing is to consult an endocrinologist, because obesity can be not only “food” (constitutional, genetic), but also the result of various diseases, primarily of the endocrine system. The causes of “endocrine” obesity can be: lack of thyroid hormones, hypothalamic syndrome, pathology of the adrenal glands, injuries of the central nervous system, and other reasons.

After examination and exclusion of medical reasons, you can begin to fight overweight. It will be better if at the first stages the diet is adjusted by a specialist, because at any age there are nutritional characteristics (calorie content of the diet, food volume, and so on).

Obesity in children, as in adults, is classified by degree. There are three degrees in total.

The first and second degrees are minimal, they can be adjusted by diet and exercise. With the third degree of obesity (+50% overweight), medications can be introduced into the treatment (in children not younger than 9-10 years old), and in some complex cases, surgical techniques.

The nutrition of the child, first of all, depends on the eating habits of the parents. Hence the myth appeared that the tendency to be overweight is inherited. In fact, lifestyles that contribute to obesity are often inherited.

It is important to emphasize that “feeding” can begin from the first months of life, especially if the child is bottle-fed. The main mistakes: dilution of food in a higher concentration than indicated on the package, non-observance of food volumes and feeding regimen.

For older children, the problem of overeating becomes relevant, when older relatives try to feed more and more satisfying, to make them finish eating if something is left on the plate. In between meals, still treat with a bun, cookies, sweets. But the child’s satiety center is still working well, and without pressure, he will eat as much as he needs.

The principles of healthy eating behavior are not at all complicated:
Preference should be given to sour-milk products, fresh fruits, vegetables, cereals. Soups, lean meats, legumes should be present in the diet.
Sweets are best given in the form of dried fruits, honey, fruit jelly, a small amount of candied fruit, nuts (in the absence of an allergic reaction). The use of artificial sweeteners, sucrose, in the diet is highly undesirable. Sweets should never be a reward for a child’s good behavior or appreciation.
Up to 9-10 years, it is not advisable to use seasonings, ketchup, mayonnaise, ready-made minced meat, semi-finished products, carbonated drinks, which is often a “sin” for residents of large cities.
Don’t get in the habit of feeding your baby in front of the TV, distractions can cause them to eat more than they want.
Meals should be fractional, up to 4-5 times a day, it is better that the last meal ends 3 hours before bedtime.

Dear parents, remember that most weight problems in a child are acquired before the age of 10. It is in your power to do everything so that the child does not suffer from excess weight. In this sense, “childhood obesity” is a very rewarding disease, because the child continues to grow, his metabolism is increased, therefore, the sooner nutrition is adjusted, the less consequences in the future.